Vol 21. N°4. 2020  |  Diciembre de 2020


ARTÍCULOS ORIGINALES - ALIMENTOS


CONSUMO DE YERBA MATE EN JÓVENES SANOS. RELACIÓN CON EL ÍNDICE DE MASA CORPORAL Y EL PERFIL LIPÍDICO


Autores: SILVIA ESTHER HOLOVATTY, MARÍA SUSANA CASTILLO RASCÓN, BLANCA HAYDEE CEBALLOS, MELISA NOELIA BLANCO


RESUMEN

Introducción: las enfermedades del aparato circulatorio constituyen la primera causa de muerte en la provincia de Misiones y el mate es una infusión de consumo masivo en la región.
Objetivos: determinar la frecuencia del consumo de mate en jóvenes aparentemente sanos, y su relación con el sexo, la edad, el índice de masa corporal (IMC) y el perfil lipídico.
Materiales y métodos: se completó un cuestionario para conocer los hábitos de consumo de yerba mate. Se midieron peso y talla para calcular el IMC. Las determinaciones bioquímicas se realizaron con ayuno de 12 horas; colesterol total y triglicéridos (TG) por método enzimático colorimétrico, colesterol-HDL (c-HDL) y colesterol-LDL por método homogé- neo, en auto analizador Dimension RL MAX de Siemens. Se estudiaron 406 jóvenes, 188 varones y 218 mujeres.
Resultados: el 76,4% consumía mate, mayor en mujeres (82,1%) que en varones (69,7%) (p=0,003). El consumo se asoció positivamente con la edad (p<0,001) y no se observó asociación con el IMC (p=0,989). En los consumidores de mate, TG (p=0,039), colesterol-no HDL (0,040), CT/c-HDL (p=0,001) y TG/c-HDL (p=0,001) fueron significativamente más bajos que en los no consumidores, mientras que el c-HDL (p=0,001) fue más alto.
Conclusiones: el hallazgo de un efecto favorable sobre el perfil lipídico en jóvenes consumidores de yerba mate podría constituir un beneficio para la salud de quienes la consumen y aportaría valor agregado a la hora de la conquista de nuevos mercados por parte de la industria yerbatera.

PALABRAS CLAVE: yerba mate; lípidos sanguíneos; índice de masa corporal; edad; sexo.

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YERBA MATE CONSUMPTION IN HEALTHY YOUNG PEOPLE. RELATIONSHIP WITH BODY MASS INDEX AND LIPID PROFILE

SUMMARY

Introduction: diseases of the circulatory system are the leading cause of death in the province of Misiones and mate is an infusion of mass consumption in the region.
Objectives: to determine the frequency of consumption of mate in apparently healthy young people and its relationship with sex, age, body mass index (BMI) and lipid profile.
Materials and methods: a questionnaire was completed to know the consumption habits of yerba mate. Weight and height were measured to calculate BMI. Biochemical determinations were performed with a 12-hour fast; total cholesterol and triglycerides (TG) by colorimetric enzymatic method, HDL-cholesterol (c-HDL) and LDL-cholesterol by homogeneous method; in Siemens Dimension RL MAX auto analyzer. 406 young people, 188 men and 218 women were studied.
Results: 76.4% consumed mate, higher in women (82.1%) than in men (69.7%) (p=0.003). Consumption was positively associated with age (p<0.001) and no association was observed with BMI (p=0.989). In the consumers of mate; TG (p=0.039), non-HDL cholesterol (0.040), CT/c-HDL (p=0.001) and TG/c-HDL (p=0.001) were significantly lower than in non-consumers, while c -HDL (p = 0.001) was higher.
Conclusions: the finding of a favorable effect on the lipid profile in young consumers of YM could constitute a health benefit for those who consume and provide added value when it comes to the conquest of new markets by the herb industry.

Key words: yerba mate; blood lipids; body mass index; age; sex.



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